Next month’s issue of *Clinical Psychology Review* (February 2010,; vol.
30, #1) includes an article: “The efficacy of short-term psychodynamic
psychotherapy for depression: A meta-analysis.”
The authors are Driessen, Ellen; Cuijpers, Pim; de Maat, Saskia C. M.;
Abbass, Allan A.; de Jonghe, Frans; & Dekker, Jack J. M.
Here’s the abstract:
It remains largely unclear, firstly whether short-term psychodynamic
psychotherapy (STPP) is an effective treatment for depression, and
secondly, which study, participant, or intervention characteristics may
moderate treatment effects. The purpose of this study is to assess the
efficacy of STPP for depression and to identify treatment moderators.
After a thorough literature search, 23 studies totaling 1365 subjects
were included. STPP was found to be significantly more effective than
control conditions at post-treatment (d =0.69). STPP pre-treatment to
post-treatment changes in depression level were large (d =1.34), and
these changes were maintained until 1-year follow-up. Compared to other
psychotherapies, a small but significant effect size (d =-0.30) was
found, indicating the superiority of other treatments immediately post-
treatment, but no significant differences were found at 3-month (d
=-0.05) and 12-month (d =-0.29) follow-up. Studies employing STPP in
groups (d =0.83) found significantly lower pre-treatment to post-
treatment effect sizes than studies using an individual format (d
=1.48). Supportive and expressive STPP modes were found to be equally
efficacious (d =1.36 and d =1.30, respectively).
We found clear indications that STPP is effective in the treatment of
depression in adults. Although more high-quality RCTs are necessary to
assess the efficacy of the STPP variants, the current findings add to
the evidence-base of STPP for depression.
The author note provides the following contact info: Ellen Driessen, VU
University Amsterdam, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Department of
Clinical Psychology, Van der Boechorststraat 1, Amsterdam, Netherlands,
1081 BT, <email@example.com>.
Courtesy of Ken Pope